Festivais Gil Vicente
Festas da Cidade e Gualterianas
Festivais Gil Vicente
Festas da Cidade e Gualterianas
Festivais Gil Vicente
Festas da Cidade e Gualterianas
menu logo
menu logo
main logo
menu logo
menu logo
menu logo
menu logo
main logo
Image
Image
Image
Image
Image
Image
Image

ROOM 2

Mysteries of Fire: the "maternities" in the José de Guimarães' collection

Image
José de Guimarães, Maria Amélia Coutinho, Yasmin Thayná, Carla Cruz

Secrets, maternities and songs, between transmission and emancipation. A journey through the circular time of the mysteries

Many stories associated with ancient fertility cults speak about renewal and strength, such as those of the sanctuary of Eleusis, near Athens, where the goddesses Demeter and Persephone “made” the spring, causing vegetation to be reborn. Fertility and wisdom are also interlinked in another mystery tradition, that of the Geledé female religious society, of the Yoruba and Nago peoples, in Nigeria, Benin and Togo.


A remarkable set of fifty African statues from the José de Guimarães collection, acquired in different parts of Europe since the 1980s, are now shown in the museum. They are ancestral mothers, transmitters of different models of vitality and beauty, based on local criteria and regional variations. Their main defining motifs are universal: a mother carrying a child in her arms, or on her back, with bare breasts and belly and a serene gaze.


The statues are flanked by the works of other artists, that question and shelter them. The simplicity and realistic evidence of the floral drawings by José de Guimarães’s mother, Maria Amélia Coutinho (1916-2004), evoke the “ephemeral eternity” of still life paintings. The emancipation stories of black women, in the film Kbela (2015) by the Brazilian filmmaker Yasmin Thayná. The religious songs that are still performed today on Good Friday, such as O Vos Omnes or the Canto de Verónica. Finally, the artist Carla Cruz’s project All My Independent Women, which is reconstituted in this room, incorporates new chapters, in this case, episodes from the history of the women of Guimarães.

©Alexandre Delmar
©Alexandre Delmar
©Alexandre Delmar

FOR ALL AGES

Maria Amélia Coutinho was born in Guimarães in 1916, the daughter of José da Rocha Coutinho and Maria Mendes Simões. She attended the College of Nossa Senhora da Conceição until 1931, and then completed courses in Commerce, Design and Embroidery in the Francisco de Holanda Industrial and Commercial School, in Guimarães, between 1931 and 1937, studying under the professors, José de Pina, Dr. Fernando Mattos Chaves and the sculptor, António d’Azevedo. She married Joaquim Fernandes Marques in 1939 and they had three children: José Maria (the artist José de Guimarães), Joaquim Maria and Maria José. She initially devoted herself to caring for and educating her children and then to social and welfare causes in the Parish of Nossa Senhora da Oliveira, in Guimarães. She died on November 16, 2004.


A Música Portuguesa a gostar dela própria (=Portuguese music liking itself) is an association that, through the work of the director, Tiago Pereira, has been creating awareness for the knowledge and importance of the oft-forgotten living heritage of the oral tradition, songs, novels, short stories, practices sacred, profane, music, dances and also gastronomy. This awareness - which is essentially a mechanism for memory literacy - reminds us that there is an urgent need to document, record and reuse fragments of the memory of a people. The project began in 2011.


Yasmin Thayná was born in Nova Iguaçu, Brazil. She is the director and screenwriter of more than twenty films, series and music videos, including “Kbela”, “Afrotranscendence”, “pretalab”, the latter about black women who work with, and think about, technologies. In 2020 she directed the film “A vida é urgente” (Life is urgent) for the Moreira Salles Institute.


Carla Cruz is an artist, researcher and teacher (EAUM). She has a PhD in artistic practices from Goldsmiths College, London. Her recent artistic practice focuses on different forms of coexistence in an unequal society and damaged planet. She is currently developing the project “Associação de Amigos da Praça dx Anjx” (Association of Friends of the Praça dx Anjx) with Ângelo Ferreira de Sousa. Since 2013, she has developed the “Finding Money” project with António Contador. She co-founded the feminist collective of artistic intervention ZOiNA (1999-2004), and the Associação Caldeira 213 (1999- 2002). Between 2005-2013 she coordinated the feminist exhibition project, “All My Independent Women”.

Image

FOR ALL AGES

Maria Amélia Coutinho was born in Guimarães in 1916, the daughter of José da Rocha Coutinho and Maria Mendes Simões. She attended the College of Nossa Senhora da Conceição until 1931, and then completed courses in Commerce, Design and Embroidery in the Francisco de Holanda Industrial and Commercial School, in Guimarães, between 1931 and 1937, studying under the professors, José de Pina, Dr. Fernando Mattos Chaves and the sculptor, António d’Azevedo. She married Joaquim Fernandes Marques in 1939 and they had three children: José Maria (the artist José de Guimarães), Joaquim Maria and Maria José. She initially devoted herself to caring for and educating her children and then to social and welfare causes in the Parish of Nossa Senhora da Oliveira, in Guimarães. She died on November 16, 2004.


A Música Portuguesa a gostar dela própria (=Portuguese music liking itself) is an association that, through the work of the director, Tiago Pereira, has been creating awareness for the knowledge and importance of the oft-forgotten living heritage of the oral tradition, songs, novels, short stories, practices sacred, profane, music, dances and also gastronomy. This awareness - which is essentially a mechanism for memory literacy - reminds us that there is an urgent need to document, record and reuse fragments of the memory of a people. The project began in 2011.


Yasmin Thayná was born in Nova Iguaçu, Brazil. She is the director and screenwriter of more than twenty films, series and music videos, including “Kbela”, “Afrotranscendence”, “pretalab”, the latter about black women who work with, and think about, technologies. In 2020 she directed the film “A vida é urgente” (Life is urgent) for the Moreira Salles Institute.


Carla Cruz is an artist, researcher and teacher (EAUM). She has a PhD in artistic practices from Goldsmiths College, London. Her recent artistic practice focuses on different forms of coexistence in an unequal society and damaged planet. She is currently developing the project “Associação de Amigos da Praça dx Anjx” (Association of Friends of the Praça dx Anjx) with Ângelo Ferreira de Sousa. Since 2013, she has developed the “Finding Money” project with António Contador. She co-founded the feminist collective of artistic intervention ZOiNA (1999-2004), and the Associação Caldeira 213 (1999- 2002). Between 2005-2013 she coordinated the feminist exhibition project, “All My Independent Women”.

Back