Festivais Gil Vicente
Festas da Cidade e Gualterianas
Festivais Gil Vicente
Festas da Cidade e Gualterianas
Festivais Gil Vicente
Festas da Cidade e Gualterianas
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Textile
Coast or Southern Highlands (Peru), 0 - AD 600 (?)

Fabric

35,5 x 12,5 cm

Textiles were without doubt the most important expression of Andean pre-Columbian art. Through their designs, colours, techniques, shapes, etc. they reveal the complex world vision of the pre-Hispanic communities.


This remarkable textile fragment in the shape of a band displays a chromatic scheme in which the alternation of the three main colours - red, yellow and ochre - applied in the background and decorative motifs, give the pattern rhythm, a technique widely used by pre-Columbian weavers.


These geometric motifs seem to be connected with the southern region of the Peruvian Andes, resembling the patterns os the Sihuas and Nazca styles, located, respectively, in the regions of the present-day Arequipa and Nazca. On the other hand, it was exclusively woven with camelid fibres, a particularity which characterises the textiles of the highlands but which is nor uncommon in the Nazca style.


The intense interaction that existed between the Andean communities of different bio environments (coast, mountains, mountainous jungle and low jungle) during the region's prehistory - and which continues today -, gave enormous complexity and wealth to the cultural panorama, which is reflected in the textile as in very few other artistic media.

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