Festivais Gil Vicente
Festas da Cidade e Gualterianas
Festivais Gil Vicente
Festas da Cidade e Gualterianas
Festivais Gil Vicente
Festas da Cidade e Gualterianas
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Textile
Central-Northern Coast (Peru)

Fabric

31,5 x 30 cm

This fragmented textile piece is a fine example of the ideological complexity and the intensity of the movements of people and ideas that took place during the period we know as Middle Horizon or Huari.


A great quantity of materials was produced during these centuries, especially textiles, with a northern origin, which are found in places in the central coast, such as the big temple complex of Pachacamac, in the outskirts of the present-day city of Lima. Besides this, locals imitations of textiles that reproduce the iconographies of the northern productions were also produced in these valleys of the central Peruvian coast.


Such is the case of the specimen here reproduced, in which we find a series of iconographic themes, such as that of the "Moon Animal", in the late and probably reinterpreted version, or character with a headdress in the shape of a half-moon to two side tufts, characteristic of the northern tradition but represented in a style which is closer to the local productions of the bordering valleys of the Rímac River, or even farther south.


Also characteristic of this phenomenon is the typology of this composition, which consists of a series of rectangular pieces woven in "mass", to be then individually used as decorative applications in articles such as shirts.


This type of textile, with the same designs and very similar elaboration, has been found in particular in ceremonial enclaves such as Pacatnamú, in the northern valley of Jequetepeque, and the previously mentioned Pachacamac, pointing towards the existence of pilgrimage routes between both sanctuaries.

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